Artists will either use traditional methods such as painting and cutting pieces of colored glass to form the outline of the image before fusing them, or more modern techniques such as using a laser to cut intricate designs in clear glass that are then backlit with LED lights.
While glass can be used to create almost any type of artwork, there are several main styles that artists adopt when making their pieces.
1 Hand blown glass
The most traditional and well-known form of glass art. Artists create unique pieces by shaping molten glass with their hands, tools, and machines. The results are vibrant, one-of-a-kind works that can be carefully crafted into a variety of shapes or decorative objects. In the picture, you can see Maria Martinez’s famous “Polychrome jar with insects”.
2 Stained glass
This style of artwork is often created by using pieces of colored glass that are cut into shapes and arranged to form an image or pattern. The finished piece is then captured in a windowpane, which will diffuse sunlight through the work to create a colorful effect similar to that of natural stained glass. While this style is most frequently used for church-related artwork, it can also be adapted to create stunning murals and stained glass art that doesn’t feature religious symbols.
3 fused glass
This type of artwork uses pieces of colored and/or transparent glass that are joined together under intense heat and pressure to form a single solid piece. The finished piece often looks similar to a painting and can be made using any number of artistic methods. In the picture, you can see Stefano Perocco’s “Venetian glass”.
4 blown glass
This style focuses on creating beautifully ornate objects from molten glass. Unlike other forms of glass art, the objects are not carefully crafted by hand or molded into intricate shapes. Instead, artists directly create their works with high-tech machines that blow air into a glass bubble to make it expand until it is ready to be opened and flattened into its final shape.
5 stained glass window
Another form of stained glass artwork, this style usually adheres to strict guidelines for coloring and design. Traditional stained glass windows feature religious symbols or stories, though artists continue to adapt this style to create everything from modern works of art to colorful kitchen backsplashes.
6 fused glass panels
This form of blown glass artwork typically features bold geometric shapes that are embedded into larger pieces of solid colored glass. The process of making these pieces involves carefully cutting and arranging smaller glass tiles to form images, patterns, or words before fusing them at high temperatures. The finished panel can then be used as a decorative piece or incorporated into larger blown glass artworks.
7 light sculptures
This surreal style uses multiple layers of colored glass to create abstract designs that cast a vibrant glow when backlit. Many pieces also use LED lights to create truly unique effects. In the picture, you can see Uli Budde’s “Glasstudio Line”.
8 fused glass jewelry
While all forms of blown glass art are incredibly beautiful, pieces designed for personal use often have an added sense of intimacy that comes from being designed by the artist specifically for their buyer. In this case, artists can create custom Pendants, Necklaces, and Earrings using a variety of techniques to suit the needs of their clients.
9 stained glass windows
As stated above, traditional stained glass artwork usually includes religious-themed designs or images. However, modern artists are constantly adapting this style to create new works that can be used in churches or homes. As seen above, the results are often visually stunning.
10 Art Deco glass
First developed by Tiffany & Co., this is an updated version of stained glass art that features more vivid colors and simplified shapes. The design usually includes a combination of solid and “stained glass” sections that create a stunning visual effect and can be used to decorate homes or churches.