Contemporary Mosaic Art And Its History

Mosaic Glass Art

Mosaic art is decorating a surface with colored stone, Glass, or ceramic pieces to form a design or image. They were famous in the Ancient Roman world. Mosaic pieces are mostly irregular, and it is hard to reassemble mosaic art once disassembled. Today mosaic is more of an artwork and a hobby. Modern mosaic art techniques have been adapted by artists worldwide using ivory, seashells, beads, and charms.

Mosaic Art In Detail

A close up of a logo

History Of Mosaic Art

Mosaics have been around since the 3rd millennium BC. Ancient mosaic art used to be made of naturally available materials like stones, shells, and ivory. It’s known that found a similar art form in America way before in the Maya civilization. From the early 4th century, walls and ceilings of Christian basilicas are decorated with mosaics. From the 6th to 15th centuries, mosaic art prospered in the Byzantine empire. Romans started using glass tesserae in mosaic art. With the influence of Romans and Byzantine, Jewish artists started decorating their floors with mosaics. Mosaic was used on Islam’s first religious building, the Dome of the Rock.

Mosaic Art Materials

At first, mosaics were made of uncut pebbles. Later Greeks invented the tesserae technique, which involves fitting triangular or square-shaped pieces closely into a grid to form art. Greeks invented tesserae to obtain contemporary achievements. Stones were used to providing tints for an artistic view. They established their mark in Greek works and continued to Roman times. Glass was first used in the Hellenistic period, providing unlimited color options. It took over the stone in mosaic wall art. It took over the stone in wall mosaic art by producing intensive color effects. Gold cubes, semi-precious stones, terra-cotta threads, and pressed Glass were used to detail mosaic art. Found objects, bottle caps are also used in modern mosaic art.

Techniques Of Mosaic Art

Mortar is a commonly used adhesive for mosaic art. Later it was replaced by cement and adhesives. The adhesive is added to the surface before decorating. Artists also used glue, plaster, and concrete to create a sticky surface for holding mosaic pieces. For mosaic art on floors, two to three mortar layers will be layered on a stone foundation to prevent cracks. For mosaic wall art, waterproofing resin will be applied first, followed by two roughened mortar layers and a fine consistency mortar layer. Rough sketches were drawn on the setting bed to guide the art. The artists follow guidance and complete artworks.


Since ancient times, mosaic art mesmerized us with dazzling colors and a peculiar aesthetic. Mosaics are eye-catching and aesthetically pleasing. Due to their adorned designs and strange methods, it seems like they should leave it to professionals. But with the right materials and tools, you can make your very own mosaic art. Knowledge of mosaic art history will be an added advantage.

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